This is a summary of Chapter 2 in a textbook that was required for my Master's Degree at Marian University. I was responsible for sharing the basic elements of Chapter 2.


CHAPTER 2 - Providing Feedback

Feedback is "the most powerful single innovation that enhances achievement. The simplest prescription for improving education must be 'dollops' of feedback." (John Hattie, Harvard researcher)

21st Century Skill → Providing Feedback
Focus → Formative Assessment: giving students information about how well they are performing relative to a particular learning goal so that they can improve their practice.


McREL's 4 Generalizations about feedback
1. Feedback should be corrective in nature.
2. Feedback should be timely.
3. Feedback should be specific to a criterion.
4. Students can effectively provide some of their own feedback.


Recommendations based on these generalizations
1. Use criterion-referenced feedback.
2. Focus feedback on specific types of knowledge.
3. Use student-led feedback.




How do teachers incorporation technology-based activities in their curriculum to fulfill these recommendations?




Word Processing Applications

Microsoft Word - Track Changes and Insert Comments ​
Microsoft Word - Flesch-Kincaid Readability Scale
www.visualthesaurus.com






Data Collection Tools


Automated Classroom Response Systems, a.k.a. Student Response Systems.

Systems available:
eInstruction http://www.einstruction.com/
EduGame http://www.theedugame.com/newsite/
Promethean http://www.prometheanworld.com/index.php
ClassAct http://www.ljcreate.com/products/factsheets/p5928.pdf

How do Automated Classroom Response Systems work?
1. Clicker
2. M/C Questions
3. Time Limit
4. Anonymous Responses
5. Immediate and Specific Feedback
6. Teacher Reports: Instructor Summary, Question Report, Study Guide

Grading Software
Vantage Learning
Maplesoft
Educational Testing Service
SAGrader




Web Resources
(includes on-line quizzes, games, and simulations)



Communication Software__
  • Blogs -"Web log" - Example: Poetry journal blog
  • Wikis
High School Online Collaborative Writing - http://schools.wikicities.com
Wikispaces - www.wikispaces.com
Peanut Butter Wiki - http://pbwiki.com


  • E-mail
  • Instant Messaging
  • Video Conferencing
www.ivisit.com
www.paltalk.com
www.ichat.com